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Pan Am “Brazilian Clipper,” NC-822M, a Sikorsky S-42 flying boat, delivers young chickens from Florida to Rio de Janeiro. From Chevrolet Leader News Vol. 5 No. 2.
‘BABY CHICKS AIRSHIPPED FROM FLORIDA TO SOUTH AMERICA…
Title Card: “Cheep! Ex-Eggs Bunk in Pullman, Rush Drumsticks to Rio.”
Delivery van arrives at sea-plane terminal with load of newly hatched chicks bound for South America.
“Pan American Airways System Air Mail & Express” delivery van driving rapidly on palm tree-lined road. VS sea-plane, propellors spinning, floating beside dock and terminal building. VS passengers boarding sea-plane (Pan American Airways System). VS delivery van speeding around curves. Roadway leading to water. CU pilot, wearing white cap, anxiously checking his watch. Delivery van drives passed airplane hanger; stops on roadway leading to water. 2 men, wearing white coveralls and caps, unloading stacks of boxes from rear of van; walking toward boat; handing boxes to pilot who places them in cargo hold. Pilot reaches o.s for clipboard and signs. VS sea-plane leaving dock; taking off; flying. Delivery van driving on palm tree-lined road; stopping in front of building indicating “Biscayne Hatcheries, Inc. – Baby Chicks”; ECU dozens of baby chicks in 3 wooden drawers; CU several wooden drawers stuffed with hundreds of live chicks; hand gently strokes them; removes, then returns egg to drawer. ECU chick hatching as another chick stands beside it; chick emerges from shell. Hands transferring newly hatched chicks to cardboard carton (empty shells visible); places cardboard lid indicating “Baby Chicks” over carton; hands remove box. Delivery van with rear doors open; man, wearing white coveralls and caps, loading stacks of cardboard boxes into van. CU 2 baby chicks in toy airplane with spinning propeller; ECU same.’
Public domain film from the Prelinger Archives, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and mild video noise reduction applied.
The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and/or equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original).
The Sikorsky S-42 was a 1930s commercial flying boat designed and built by Sikorsky Aircraft to meet a 1931 requirement from Pan American World Airways (Pan Am) for a long-range transatlantic flying boat. The “Flying Clipper” and the “Pan Am Clipper” were other names for the S-42…
Based on the earlier Sikorsky S-40 that flew in 1931, Igor Sikorsky and Charles Lindbergh (who was working at the time as a consultant to Pan American Airways) laid out plans for a new, larger flying boat. During the S-40’s inaugural flight on November 19, 1931, the two visionaries began preliminary sketches on the back of a menu in the S-40’s lounge.
Pan Am’s president, Juan Trippe, had a similar vision of an aircraft able to span oceans. The new design provided for an increased lifting capacity to carry enough fuel for a 2,500 mi (4,000 km) nonstop flight against a 30 mph (48 km/h) wind, at a cruising speed far in excess of the average operating speed of any flying boat at that time. Pan Am was also courted by Glenn Martin, but Sikorsky’s S-42 was delivered first, as the Martin M-130 was still almost a year away from completion…
Flying for Pan American Airways, a total of 10 S-42s were built, manufactured by the Vought-Sikorsky Aircraft Division of the United Aircraft Corporation in Stratford, Connecticut. The prototype first flew on March 30, 1934.
The S-42 only served with Pan American Airways. It was used on many routes, including the San Francisco – Hawaii, New York – Bermuda, and Hong Kong -China. The S-42 named Pan Am Clipper was used to survey the route from the US West Coast to China, making the first survey flight from Alameda, California to Pearl Harbor, Hawaii in April 1935…
In 1938 and 1939, this type of flying boat was the only one known to land in the Kingman Reef on its journey between Hawaii and American Samoa.
All Sikorsky S-42s were either scrapped or destroyed in accidents…
– Crew: 4
– Capacity: up to 37 day passengers or 14 sleeper berths
– Length: 68 ft (20.73 m)
– Wingspan: 118 ft 2 in (36.03 m)
– Height: 17 ft 5 in (5.3 m)
– Wing area: 1,329 ft² (123.5 m²)
– Empty weight: 19,764 lb (8,984 kg)
– Loaded weight: 38,000 lb (17,273 kg)
– Powerplant: 4 × Pratt & Whitney R-1690 Hornet, supercharged radial engine, 660 hp (492 kW) each
– Maximum speed: 188 mph (300 km/h)
– Range: 1,930 miles (3,088 km)
– Service ceiling: 15,704 ft (4,788 m)
– Rate of climb: 1,000 ft/min (305 m/min)
– Wing loading: 28.6 lb/ft² (140 kg/m²)
– Power/mass: 0.07 hp/lb (0.11 kW/kg)…